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Alt 04-11-2008, 21:12   #1
Yaso
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Standart Zamanlar:

vZAMANLAR:
THE SİMPLE PRESENT TENSE:
S+V1+(s) S+Don’t +V1 DO +S+V1
Doesn’t DOES
TİME:
1)Every week
2)Now and then
3)Once a day
Twice a week
a year
4)Frequency adverbs
PS:Bütün zaman zarfları daima fiilden hemen önce kullanıllır.Sadece “sometimes ve occasionally”zarfları sadece olumsuz cümlede özneden hemen sonra kullanılır.
KULLANILDIĞI YERLER:
1)Kendi zaman ifadeleriyle:
She makes a cake everyday.
2)Devamlı olan alışkanlık haline gelmiş olayları anlatmak için:
We live in Denizli.
3)Doğruluğu herkes tarafından kabul edilmiş gerçekleri anlatırken:
Fish live in water.
4)İnsanların kendilerine göre değiştiremeyeceği yetkililer tarafından çizelge haline getirilmiş,
gelecekte yapılacak olaylar S.P.T olur.
The football matches begin in Turkey at 1 p.m next week.
5)ingilizcede ing eki almayan fiiller anlatılırken S.P.T kullanıllır.
I want to help you at the moment.
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE:
S+am/is/are+Ving S+am not/isn’t/aren’t+Ving am/is/are+S+Ving
TİME:
1)Now
2)Still
3)At the moment
4)At present
5)Right/Just+now
6)Today
KULLANILDIĞI YERLER:
1)Kendi zaman ifadeleriyle:
Turists are swimming in Pamukkale now.
2)Devam etmekte olan kısa süreli olayları anlatırken,uzun süreli olaylar S.present.T olur.
Since Mehmet’s father’s car is broken,he is going to work on foot.
3)Ünlem ifadeleriden sonra S.P.C.T olur.
Look!They are fighting again.
4)Devamlı olan insanları rahatsız eden,şikayet konusu olaylar “always” ile S.P.C.T olur.
My friend always lying.
5)Daha önceden planlanmış gelecekte yapılacak işler S.P.C.T ile anlatılır.
We are going to the cinema.
6)Tam bulunduğumuz anda devam etmekte olan olaylar anlatılırken.
Where is your mother?
She is cooking in the kitchen.
THE SİMPLE FUTURE TENSE:
TİME:
1)Tmorrow 4)Later 5)Tonight
2)Next week 3)Soon 6)İn five days

KULLANILDIĞI YERLER:
A)Be going to future:
1)Daha önceden planlanmış gelecekte yapmaya niyet ettiğimiz bir olay be going to future olur.
She is going to make a dress.
2)Gelecekte olacak bir olayın tahmini yapılırken bir işaret veya belirti varsa bu olay
be going to future olur.
He is studying very hard,he is going to get five from the exam.
B)Will future:
1)Konuşma anında yapılmasına karar verilen gelecekte yapılacak olaylar will ile anlatılır.
=Can I help you,sir?
=I’m going to eat fish.
=Sorry,sir.The fish is not good today.
I can recommend you the chicken.
=OK.I’ll have chicken.
2)Gelecekte olacak bir olayın tahmini yapılırken olacağına dair işaret veya belirti yoksa
bu olay will olur.
I’m sure Beşiktaş will be champion again this year.
3)Gelecekte kesin olacak,oluşu engellenemeyen olaylar will olur.
Everybody will die someday.
4)İstek veya isteksizllik belirtirken.
I’ll help my mother tonight.
5)Tehtid etmek için:
Give me all your money or I’ll kill you.
6)Söz verirken:
Don’t worry I’llfind you a good jop.
7)Ricada bulunurken:
=Will you do me a fovour?
=OK.But it depent what it is.
=Will you buy a ticket for the bus for me?
=Of course.
8)Red ve kabul ederken:
=Will oyu marry me?
=I’m sorry but I won’t marry you.
SİMPLE PAST TENSE:
S+V2 S+didn’t+V1 Did+S+V2
TİME:
1)Yesterday.
2)In 1999
3)Once a week ago.
4)Last sunday.
KULLANILDIĞI YERLER:
1)Kendi zaman ifadeleriyle:
I did all my homework last night.
2)Geçmişte ardarda olmuş birbirleriyle ilgili olaylar simple past tence olur.
I arrived at home at 3 o’clock,took off,sat in front of the television and watched TV.
3)Geçmişte olmuş bir olay sadece simple past tence olur.
A=I have just bought a new car.
B=Oh!Realy.When did you buy it?
4)Şu anda hayatta olmayan tanınmış kişileri geçmişte yaptığı işler anlatılırken kullanıllır.
Marconi invented the radio.
5)Geçmişte belirli bir süre devam etmiş,hem olay hem de olayın etkisi geçmişte kalmışsa S.P.T kullanılr.
My father learned english three years,but he doesn’t know any english now.
6)Geçmişte olmuş bir olayın hem kendisi hem de zamanı geçmişte kalmışsa S.P.T olur.
I drank tea at breakfast this morning,ıt is not morning.
7)Time clause cümlelerinde bağlaçlı cümle to be past olduğunda ana cümle mutlaka S.P.T olur.
While she was ill,she is stayed at home.
THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE:

0 2001

S+was/were+Ving
TİME:
This time yesterday
All day last
At 5 o’clock five days ago
İn April in 1999
From may to July

KULLANILDIĞI YERLER:
1)Kendi zaman ifadeleriyle:
We were learning indefinite pronouns this time yesterday.
2)Geçmişte belirli bir süre devam etmiş olaylar past continuous kısa süreli olaylar simple past olur.
I saw you yesterday. You were talking to a beatiful .
3)While,When,As bağlaçlarıyla:
a)While: (Bağlaçlı cümle)

0 2001
(Ana cümle)
While+S+was/were+Ving,S+was/were+Ving
While my father watching TV,I was doing my homework.
b)When:

2001
When+S+V2,S+was/were+Ving
When I saw you ,you were talking to a .
c)While,When,As:


2001
While /When/As+S+was/were+Ving,S+V2
While she was watching TV,she was peeling potatoes
THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE:
1)Bir olay geçmişte olmuş ancak ne zaman olduğu belirtilmiyorsa ve böyle bir olayın etkisi bulunduğumuz anda devam etmekte ise bu olay P.P.T olur.
0 time
S+have+V3
2001 has
My mother has broken an expensive wase and she is very sorry at the moment.

2)Bir olay geçmişte başlamış günümüze kadar süre gelmiş ise P.P.T olur.
TİME:
1)Since
2)For For


0 2001
Since

I have learned english since 1996.
3)When an action begins newly on is going to begin in a very short time this action is P.P.T olur.

alrealdy
2001
just

S+ alrealdy + have +V3 S+Haven’t+V3+yet. Have +S+V3+yet?
just has Hasn’t Has

We have just learned the P.P.T with since or for.
We have already learned the P.P.T without time.
The bell hasn’t run yet.
4)When an action begins in the past and continuous for sometimes then it stops and then it
continuous then stops and so on.


2001
TİME:
1)So for 2)Until now 3)Up to now 4)Srecently 5)Lately 6)İn the last few years
7)Since then 8)Ever since 9)Always 10)Often 11)Never(+) 12)Ever(?)
13)Uptil now 14)All my life
their lives
We have change three cars so for.
5)Present perfect tence with un finished time. TİME:1)Today
time 2)This year/week/day
------------------- 2001
I’ve drunk tea at breakfast this morning.It’s still morning.
6)We always use the Present Perfect Tence for the things but famous people who are still living did in the past.
Demirel has opened the Keban Dam.
7)A past action becomes present perfect tence when we use some time expressions with a present word order.
TİME:
1)Just.(+) 5)The first,the second.
2)Already.(+) 6)Once,twice,three times,many times.
3)Yet.(-;?) 7)superlative Adjective.
4)Before.
Present word order: The action in the past:
1)S+am/is/are Present Perfect Tence
2)S+V1+(s) S+have/has+V3
3)S+can+V1
The baby is full.It has just drunk its milk.
8)When we want to in inform that the action has finised we use present perfect tence
but if the action is still going on we use present perfect continuous tence.
Present perfect t.

Present perfect continuous tence
S+have/has+been+Ving
A:May I barrow your new novel?
B:Sure.I have read it.

A:May I barrow your new novel?
B:Sorry.I have reading ıt.
9)

2001
Türkan Şoray made her first film in 1975.
She has made 65 films.
Türkan Şoray made her last film in 2000.
She has made 65 films.
PRESENT PERFECT CONTİNUOUS TENSE:


0 2000
TİME:
1)Lately. 4)All day.
2)Since. 5)Recantly.
3)For.
1)If an action begins in the past and ıt goes on until the time we live in and ıf it will still
continuous this action become P.P.C.T .
I have been learning English for three years.
PS:Want,wish sadece p.p.c.t ‘de ing alır.
2)We can also use the present perfect continuous tence for a repeated action.

0 2000
Mehmet has been playing basketball since he was nine.
3)We can also use the P.P.C.T for an action which fnished a cery short time ago,
but ıt’s result on effect is still on progress.
You are very hot.Have you been running.
There is a lot of grass on your shoes.I think you have been cutting grass.
PS:We use present perfect continuous tence to show the progress all an action.But we use the Present Perfect Tence to show the finishing all an action.
You are crying.I think you have been watching a Turkish film.
You aren’t crying.I think you haven’t watched a Turkish film.
PAST PERFECT TENCE:
1 2 S+V2
2001

Past Perfect Tence
S+HAD+V3
The use of the Past Perfect Tence:
1)We use it with some conjuctions such as after;as soon as;before;until,when,by the time
She had had dinner and then she watched TV.
They had bought a car before they bought a house.

2)When some certain time express are used with a past word other action in the past is exressed with the past perfect tence.
Past Word Order: The Past Action:
1)Before 1)S+was/were Past Perfect Tence
2)Just(+) 2)S+V2 S+HAD+V3
3)Already(+) 3)S+could/has to+V1/be
4)Yet(-;?)
5)The first;the second
6)Once,twice,three times
7)Superlative

But the same time expression with a present word order the action in the past is express.
Present Word Order: The Present Action:
1)Before 1)S+am/is/are Present Perfect Tence
2)Just(+) 2)S+V1+(s) S+HAVE/HAS+V3
3)already(+) 3)S+ can/must/have to+V1/be
4)Yet(-;?)
5)The first;the second
6)Onec,twice,three times
7)Superlative
It’s the third time my uncle has had an .
It was the third time my uncle had had an .
3) When there are two actions in the past, the first action is always expressed with the past perfect tense whereas the second simple past tense.
I had forgotten that all my money at home .I remembered that all my money at home.
4) When an action progresses (continuous) towards the past because of the other past action,
this action becomes the past perfect tense.
Sezen Aksu composed her first song in 1972.She has composed a lot of songs.
Sezen Aksu composed her last song in 2000.She had composed a lot of songs.
PAST PERFECT CONTİNUOUS TENSE:
1 2
2001
S+HAD+BEEN+Ving+for/all……+before/until/when/by the time+S+V2
I had been doing my homework for three hours when my father arrived at home.
We had been having a picnic all afternoon by the time it began to rain before the started the exam we had been staying all the brake long.
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